ABBA (stylized ????®) was a Swedish pop music group, composed by Benny Andersson, Anni-Frid “Frida” Lyngstad, Bjorn Ulvaeus and Agnetha Fältskog. The name “ABBA” is an acronym formed from the first letters of the name of each member (Agnetha, Björn, Benny, Anni-Frid) .1 The quartet was formed in Stockholm in 1972, but only achieved international fame by winning the Festival Eurovision Song 1974.2 Since then, ABBA won popularity employing catchy melodies, simple letters and their own sound, characterized by the harmony of female voices and the wall of sound, a musical effect created by producer Phil Spector. Björn and Agnetha were married months before the formation of the quartet, while Benny and Frida did in 1978; four dealt with his artistic obligations at the same time dealing with their new families. His recordings had a commercial impact that led her to become the most successful artists of his label-Universal Music Group- and be the band with more sales in the years 1970.3 4
ABBA was the first European pop group experience success in English-speaking countries outside Europe, mainly Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada and to a lesser extent the United States. However, at the peak of its popularity, both marriages were dissolved and these changes are reflected in his music, writing lyrics deeper with a different musical style. The group experienced a business decline and finally decided to separate, so that in December 1982 made his last appearance as ABBA.5
After a time out of the public interest, in the 1990s the launch of several compilation albums made possible its return to the top of the charts, and ABBA is now one of the most successful groups, with estimated sales of 380 and 400 million of its musical productions worldwide.6 7 8 9 10 Your music has been performed by various artists recognized, and is also the basis of the musical Mamma Mia !. The group is an icon of their country of origin, and an important figure europop expansion. Thus, its popularity opened the door to other European artists, one of the reasons I entered the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.